Khushak Khan Khatak:
A famous Afghan
warrior, poet, and tribal chief of the Khatak tribe who called on the
Afghans to fight the Moghuls then occupying their land. He admonished
Afghans to forsake their anarchistic tendencies and unite to regain the
strength and glory they once possessed. But he was pessimistic, saying
"The day the Pashtuns unite, old Khushhal will arise from the grave."
Khushal Khan was born near Peshawar, the son of Shahbaz Khan, a chief of
the Khatak tribe. By appointment of the Moghul emperor, Shah Jehan,
Khushhal succeeded his father in 1641, but Aurangzeb, Shah Jehan's
successor, kept him a prisoner in the Gwaliar fortress in Delhi. After
Khushhal was permitted to return to Peshawar he incited the Pashtuns to
rebel. His grave carries the inscription: "I have taken up the sword to
defend the pride of the Afghan, I am Khushhal Khatak, the honorable man of
the age." The Khatak tribe of Khushhal Khan now lives in the areas of
Kohat, Peshawar, and Mardan.